Hiroshima Castle Approx. Time: 2 hours
Activity Level: Easy to Moderate

Hiroshima Castle is a magnificent flatland castle located on the Ota River delta. Construction was started in 1589 during the Azuchi-Momoyama period by Terumoto Mori, a daimyo or feudal lord who succeeded in governing much of the Chugoku region. In the Edo period the castle was the residence for, first the Fukushima clan, and then the Asano clan. The Tenshukaku, or castle tower, was designated a national treasure in 1931. It was destroyed by the atomic bomb in 1945. In 1958, the outer structure was rebuilt with reinforced concrete. The interior served as a popular local museum. In 1989, on the castle's 400th anniversary, the interior was also remodeled and made into a history museum with the primary theme of Samurai culture. The theme of the exhibitions is "Life and Progress in the Hiroshima Castle-Town." The first floor includes a general explanation of the history of Hiroshima from ancient times through the construction of Hiroshima Castle to the Meiji Restoration Period, using video, and castle-town photo and descriptive panels. The second floor introduces the culture of Hiroshima and contains a full-scale model of a samurai's lodgings and the home of a merchant. Helmets and swords native to Hiroshima are exhibited on the third floor. The fourth floor serves as a special exhibition room, while the fifth floor is an observatory.

Courtesy of Japan Tourism Board.