Royal Chitwan National ParkApprox. Time: 8 hours
Activity Level: Easy to Moderate

The Royal Chitwan National Park provides a great wildlife experience with its rich flora and fauna.

Established in 1973, Chitwan has over 50 different species of mammals, 400 different species of birds, and 65 different types of butterflies in its hardwood Sal forests, riverine vegetation, and "elephant grass" savannah. More than 70 different species of grass grow there.

The most famous wildlife in Chitwan is perhaps the single-horned Asian rhinoceros. A few decades ago, their number had fallen to less than 100, but recent count puts them at 400.

Chitwan has about 150 Bengal tigers left of the one time 3000 or so. Though poaching is a serious threat, the real threat for these majestic animals is the gradual loss of its habitat. A male tiger requires almost 60km space, and a female requires a third of that.

Other wild mammals one may see are leopards, various types of deer, monkeys, sloth bear, and antelope.

Courtesy of the India Tourism Board