Red Chapel of Queen HatshepsutApprox. Time: 2 hours
Activity Level: Easiest

At the end of the 19th century, a large part of the massive Third Pylon of Amenhotep III at Karnak toppled over during an earthquake. As the huge blocks of stone fell apart they revealed that the core of the pylon was filled with dismantled monuments of earlier periods, including the chapel built by Queen Hatshepsut.
It remained there until the 1930s when a Franco-Egyptian mission, which was investigating soil drainage in order to avert temple columns crumbling, removed 315 blocks. These were secured on concrete slabs and placed in an area to the north of the Great Court, which is now known as Karnak's outdoor museum. They were in excellent condition and, being displayed at eye level, it was possible to appreciate the detail and craftmanship of the exquisite low reliefs.
This chapel had been built by Queen Hatshepsut to house the barge of Amun-Re, the great god of Karnak, whose image was carried in procession between the temples of Karnak and Luxor during the annual celebration that took place at the height of the Nile flood.